Using Panda CSS with Gatsby

Setting up Panda CSS in a Gatsby project using PostCSS.

Create Gatsby project

To get started, we will need to create a new Gatsby project. We will name our project test-app but you can name it whatever you want.

If you don't enter any parameter, the CLI will guide you through the process of creating a new Gatsby app.

npm init gatsby

You will be asked a few questions, answer them as follows:

✔ What would you like to call your site? ... My Gatsby Site
✔ What would you like to name the folder where your site will be created? ... projects/ test-app
✔ Will you be using JavaScript or TypeScript? ... TypeScript
✔ Will you be using a CMS? ... No (or I'll add it later)
✔ Would you like to install a styling system? ... No (or I'll add it later)
✔ Would you like to install additional features with other plugins? ... No items were selected

Enter the newly created directory:

cd test-app

Install Panda CSS

Install Panda CSS and gatsby-plugin-postcss to your project. After that run the panda init command to setup Panda CSS in your project.

npm install -D @pandacss/dev postcss gatsby-plugin-postcss
npx panda init --postcss

Setup the Gatsby PostCSS plugin

Include the plugin in your gatsby-config.ts file. Check out the official documentation (opens in a new tab) for more information.

import type { GatsbyConfig } from "gatsby"
const config: GatsbyConfig = {
  siteMetadata: {
    title: `My Gatsby Site`,
    siteUrl: `https://www.yourdomain.tld`,
  graphqlTypegen: true,
  plugins: [`gatsby-plugin-postcss`],
export default config

Update package.json scripts

Open your package.json file and update the scripts section as follows:

  "scripts": {
+    "prepare": "panda codegen",
    "develop": "gatsby develop",
    "start": "gatsby develop",
    "build": "gatsby build",
    "serve": "gatsby serve",
    "clean": "gatsby clean",
    "typecheck": "tsc --noEmit"
  • "prepare" - script that will run Panda CSS CLI codegen before each build. Read more about codegen in the CLI section.

This step ensures that the panda output directory is regenerated after each dependency installation. So you can add the output directory to your .gitignore file and not worry about it.

Configure the content

Make sure that all of the paths of your React components are included in the include section of the panda.config.ts file.


If you use GraphQL Typegen, you'll need to update the include to avoid infinite loop due to generated src/gatsby-types.d.ts.

import { defineConfig } from "@pandacss/dev"
export default defineConfig({
 preflight: true,
 // Where to look for your css declarations
 include: ["./src/pages/*.{js,jsx,ts,tsx}", "./src/components/**/*.{js,jsx,ts,tsx}"],
 exclude: [],
 outdir: "styled-system",

Configure the entry CSS with layers

Create src/styles/index.css file and add the following content:

@layer reset, base, tokens, recipes, utilities;

Import the entry CSS

Create a gatsby-browser.ts file in the root of your project and add the following content:

import './src/styles/index.css'

Start your build process

Run the following command to start your development server.

npm run develop

Start using Panda

Now you can start using Panda CSS in your project. Here is the snippet of code that you can use in your src/pages/index.tsx file.

import * as React from "react"
import type { HeadFC, PageProps } from "gatsby"
import { css } from "../../styled-system/css"
const IndexPage: React.FC<PageProps> = () => {
  return (
    <div className={css({ fontSize: "2xl", fontWeight: 'bold' })}>Hello 🐼!</div>
export default IndexPage
export const Head: HeadFC = () => <title>Home Page</title>


If you're not getting import autocomplete in your IDE, you may need to include the styled-system directory in your tsconfig.json file:

  // ...
  "include":  ["src", "styled-system"]